In practice, two means of developing violets from seeds have been utilized: sowing seeds immediately from the open ground or pre-cultivation of seedlings. The latter process is considered more effective, since when using it, you can get flowering plants in the current year.
To acquire high quality planting substance, sowing seedlings must be carried out of the past decade of February or in March. To execute such activities after mid-spring is not advisable, because the seeds have been sown in the open area in the last ten years of April or in early May.
Pre-prepared and calibrated seeds could be sown in any container, including plastic cups, cassettes, cuts of plastic bottles or food packaging. To ready the nutrient mixture, ingredients such as garden soil, humus and peat are utilized. All elements have been required in equal proportions and mixed thoroughly.
When using the traditional system of sowing, shallow furrows, about 3-5 millimeters, are created in the nutrient solvent using a pen, the space between the rows is currently approximately 1 centimeter. Then the seeds are placed in the holes every two centimeters and covered by soil. Now, it is crucial to water the crops with water and cover the container with transparent film.
The very first sprouts of pansies usually look in 7-10 days from the time of sowing. A after sprouting of seeds stems in the cases of:
- The use of older planting substance;
- in case of filling that the seeds with a thick layer of dirt;
- when utilizing a nutrient substrate of the wrong composition, as an instance, clay soil.
Growing violets from seeds: when to plant, planting and care, species and types
After sprouting, the crops should be found on a well-lit windowsill. In the spring time, the direct rays of the sun pansies aren’t afraid, so containers with seedlings can be put even in the southern region of the apartment. After sprouting, the violet has fairly strong stems, but that does not mean which you will need to immediately eliminate the movie from the container.
Viola requires a fantastic watering, but moistening the soil should be carried out as the top layer dries out. To carry out such steps, it’s well worth using melt or rain water. Regular tap water must preferably stand for 2-3 days. Plants are scared of overwatering, because a high concentration of water in the soil may cause rotting of their flower roots. Deciding up violets
Transplant young plants into new containers needs to be if the first two leaves are shaped. Pansies aren’t terrified of transplanting, they take root at a new nutritious substrate despite minor damage to the root system, which occasionally happens when the plant is removed from the container. Such violets are a bit slower in development, but the general performance isn’t affected.
With a lack of light or muddy area in the window sill, violet seedlings can extend out. To receive a quality healthy blossom, such cultures when selecting in a new container are deepened into the cotyledons, which will give a chance to find additional roots on the underground portion of the stem. Pruning
Such an occasion as stem pruning lets you reach a better tillering of the civilization. Such measures are completed following the look of 5-6 actual leaves.
Planting of backyard violets at a permanent location is dependent on the climatic features of a specific region. Such actions should be performed with the start of warm warm weather in the past ten years of April or in the very first days of May. For planting the blossom allocate a well sunlit area.
After digging the dirt for every planting hole, add crushed charcoal at moderate fraction of 200 g and also the identical quantity of humus. Viola develops nicely in soils comprising peat, humus and sod soil in equal proportions with the addition of half of the sand.
During transplanting to a permanent location, ready seedlings are put on the plot each 15-20 centimeters. Cultures are sunk to the formerly dug holes and covered with soil. moyakovka.ru Then compact the soil around the bushes and water the plants with warm water. When developing backyard violets, it’s necessary to divide the bushes from the plantings every 3 years.
Not every gardener will want to deal with the cultivation of pansies seedlings, because it’s quite a troublesome job. In this respect, many flower growers sow seeds directly into the ground. In this case, the flowering of violets will begin in late summer or in September. To obtain the flowering of this culture the subsequent year, in early spring, the seeds should be sown in August.